Friday, 25 March 2011
Thursday, 24 March 2011
The currents in the water may change the shape at a very slow pace, which may only be seen after a prolonged period of time. There is also much litter in the Singapore River. This may clog up the plumbing system of the River. Thus, altering the shape of the River.
ms and civilizations. The role of rice as the underpinning of social structures in Thailand, Laos and Cambodia is acknowledged by many ways by the people who live there. The ancient buildings of Cambodia document rice production in their reliefs.
Cultural Changes: The domestication of water buffalo and the development of irrigation systems. Farmers were allowed to extend the area of land they could cultivate and the time during the year that they could grow crops.
Technological Changes: Almost 80% of agricultural land of Laos is taken up with intensive rice cultivation, making it the centre of life for most of the population. In Indonesia, Malaysia and the Philippines, there is a rain-fed technique where areas of forests in uplands are cleared and farmed for several years before the farmers shift to a new location. Fertile volcanic soils and the "green revolution" of high yielding varieties, chemical fertilizers and pesticides and irrigation have led to becoming a major rice growing area.
Wednesday, 23 March 2011
1. To depict images of life of peasants, new year festivities, folk deities, legendary heroes and contemporary matter related to war years and government propaganda that represent good luck.
2. Used as display, gifts and products. Villagers grew, engraved on wood and painted pictures on paper.
3. Used by fortune tellers to identify ailments; Chinese characters fill the outline of a human figure.
In the modern day, we now use canvases to paint on and depict scenes. The advantages of using canvases instead of woodblock is that:
- Using canvases minimise the waste of resources. In woodblock painting, we make use of wood and paper, where as in a canvas just a single piece of cloth.
- Paper tears easily and becomes yellowed after a period of time whereas canvases do not tear easily and is hardy.
- Wooden Blocks are not waterproof while canvases are. Thus, the paint on canvas will dry faster.
1. Believed to ward off evil spirits
- Each image on the shield was created by two-coiled, mirror-image figures that have been aligned back-to-back to create a lengthened face with bulging eyes at the centre of the shield.
2. Used by male warriors as ceremonial dance accessories
- These shields were accessories carried by male warriors when performing a ceremonial dance. Probably to show a scene where they are fighting and how they use the shield to protect themselves.
In the modern day, we now use showcases and display casings instead of shields to display our achievements. The advantages of showcases and display casings instead of shields is that:
- shields are bulky and not easy to manage. Whereas display casings and showcases are built in and thus not bulky. People now can take out their achievements when they want.
- there is a limited amount of space that you can place items on a shield. Whereas if you use showcases, you can rearrange and reorganise your achievements so that there will be more space available.
- shields have to be carried around thus must remain as portable as possible. This also includes the factor of weight. Thus Dayak warriors were not able to place bulky items onto the shield. Whereas, when using a showcase now, you are able to.
1. Contain food when cooking
- The material it is made of makes a clay pot suitable for cooking as it can withstand high temperatures.
2. Store items which were to be transported from one place to another
- At that time, pottery was one of the main objects that were hard and could be moulded into a container to store objects.
3. Storage of wet and dry goods
- Pottery does not allow water to seep through it. Thus good to contain wet items so that they will not make the area wet and at the same time prevent dry goods from getting wet especially in the rain.
In the Modern Day, we now use plastic, cardboard, styrofoam or bubble wrap instead of pottery. The advantages that these modern day materials have over pottery is that:
- those materials do not break easily. Although pottery is hard, it can break easily upon a certain impact.
- those materials can be used to hold a large number of items or large items as large as a 3-seater sofa. Pottery can never be made that big to store such a large item.
- those materials are more flexible. Pottery is not flexible and cannot be used to store another bigger item when needed. Instead, the potter will have to make a new pot. When we have those materials, plastic can be recycled, styrofoam can be easily manipulated, cardboard boxes already come in many different sizes and bubble wrap is flexible hence can wrap a large item.